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PET FOOD INGREDIENT GLOSSARY

ALFALFA 

Alfalfa is known as the "King of Plants", and its roots have been used for centuries in many cultures. The herb belongs to the legume family, closely related to beans and peas. Alfalfa is an excellent source of vitamins D, E and K, beta-carotene, minerals, fiber, chlorophyll, calcium, proteins and fats. It is especially rich in the amino acid trypophane. It is considered to be a very nutritious herb, and is used to increase appetite, alleviate certain allergic reactions and help poor digestion. It may also reduce the inflammation due to arthritis and rheumatism.  (Canine formula)

Alfalfa Meal (sun-cured)

Alfalfa is a member of the legume (bean) family. Alfalfa meal is the above ground portion of the alfalfa plant, which has been cut and dried naturally in the sun. It is then finely ground into a meal. Alfalfa is known for its excellent source of phytochemicals and phytoestrogens and their antioxidant effect stimulates the immune system. Alfalfa is also a good source of vitamin C, folate, vitamin A, vitamin K, niacin and pantothenic acid, calcium and iron. Alfalfa contains beneficial saponins that may have cardio-protective and immune-enhancing properties.

Alfalfa Sprouts

Alfalfa sprouts are the young tender shoots of the alfalfa plant, a legume. They are rich in phyto-estrogens and they are a wholesome source of protein, vitamin A, vitamin K, thiamin, calcium and iron. They also provide a healthy dose of fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, riboflavin, folate, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, calcium and iron. Alfalfa sprouts contain beneficial saponins that may have cardio-protective and immune-enhancing properties.

ALPHA AMYLASE

A soluble fiber digestant.   Alpha Amylase creates the means by which the ingredients will be absorbed into the body as rapidly as possible without diminishing powerful antioxidant capabilities.

Amaranth

Amaranth – also called Amaranthus or pigweed – is the collective name for a variety of ancient herbs or flowering plants. It is not a true grain, although the seeds of the amaranth plant are often referred to as a pseudo-grain. Amaranth is a good source of vitamins including vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C, riboflavin, and folate, as well as dietary minerals including calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, and manganese. Amaranth is gluten-free

AMINO ACIDS

Necessary for the synthesis of body proteins and many other tissue constituents.  Amino acids aid in building new muscle, bone and tendon cells; play a vital role in metabolism, stamina, and brain function; and enable vitamins and minerals to be properly absorbed and assimilated. There are approximately twenty-eight amino acids that combine in various ways to create hundreds of different types of proteins. Some amino acids enhance the immune system by stimulating the antioxidant activity of certain enzymes and can help prevent skin and coat problems. Others prevent premature aging, tumors, nerve disease and connective tissue disorders.

Pet foods high in protein may or may not contain all the necessary amino acids to maintain proper health of a pet. This deficiency could cause a host of problems ranging from indigestion, stunted growth, nervous disorders, or worse. 

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is made from cider or apple must (must is freshly pressed juice, that also contains pulp, skins, stems, and seeds). Apple cider vinegar helps to maintain proper acid/alkaline balance in the body.

Apples

The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, and is rich in Vitamin C as well as a host of other unique antioxidant and botanical compounds such as flavenoids. Apples provide both soluble and insoluble fiber, some vitamin C, beta carotene, potassium and boron.

Artichokes

The artichoke is a perennial thistle originating in southern Europe around the Mediterranean. Artichokes provide many important minerals, including magnesium, chromium, manganese, potassium, phosphorus, iron and calcium. They are also a good source of fiber, vitamin C, and folate.

Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic Acid is also known as the nutrient Vitamin C. Vitamin C is a highly effective antioxidant that helps maintain a robust immune system, helps in wound repair, and facilitates nutrient metabolism. Vitamin C is also known for its role in neutralizing harmful free radicals. While dogs and cats can manufacture their own vitamin C, inclusion in the diet is beneficial especially during times of stress (gestation, lactation, weaning, travel,), illness, or old age. Green vegetables, citrus, and tomatoes are great natural sources. Excess is excreted in the urine and not stored in the body.

Ash

Ash is the inorganic (non-carbon) mineral portion of any substance. When referring to dog and cat food, "ash content" is the mineral matter, such as magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and copper

Barley

Barley is a hearty cereal grain, and is a member of the grass family Poaceae. Whole barley is a nutritionally intact whole grain, and is rich in dietary fiber, antioxidants, dietary minerals (including magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and selenium), and vitamins (including niacin, vitamin B6, and vitamin E).

Beef

Beef is the striated muscle (skeletal and cardiac) from cattle (Bos taurus) and is an excellent source of protein, with many essential nutrients (including high levels of zinc and iron) to help maintain stamina and heart health. Beef is a complete protein meaning it contains all essential amino acids required by dogs and cats.

Beef Broth

Beef broth is obtained from cooking beef bones and/or muscle tissue with water; it must contain no less than 90% crude protein on a dry matter basis. Beef broth adds natural flavors and beneficial moisture to our foods.

Beef Fat

Beef fat is trimmed or extracted from the tissues of cattle during processing. Beef fat is palatable and supplies fatty acids for skin and coat health.

Beef Hearts

Beef hearts are a nutrient-rich striated muscle meat, and are a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and most importantly taurine.

Beef Kidney

Beef kidneys are a mineral rich organ, with high protein and little fat.

Beef Liver

Beef liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of lean protein, Vitamin A, and other vitamins and minerals. The liver is a multi-faceted organ and while it does participate in detoxification of the body, these toxins do not build up in the liver tissue– they are voided. As a result, liver is safe to consume in appropriate quantities.

Beef Meal

Beef meal is high quality beef muscle (skeletal and cardiac) with the moisture removed. Beef meal provides the essential amino acids for nourishing muscles and bones. High quality, protein specific meals are simply a dried and more concentrated form of the meat, poultry or fish protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can contain any species of animal.

Beta Carotene

Beta carotene is naturally abundant in orange-colored fruits and vegetables. It is a carotenoid that serves as the pre-cursor to Vitamin A. Vitamin A is an essential vitamin that is necessary for proper body and immune function. It is imperative for vision, and also helps in the development of muscles, bones, and soft tissue. As a group, carotenoids have antioxidant and anti-cancer properties.

Biotin

Biotin, also known as Vitamin H or B8, is a water-soluble, nitrogen-containing vitamin that is imperative for cell growth, the production of fatty acids, and in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Biotin has been shown to strengthen keratin found in nails and footpads. Biotin is synthesized by bacteria in the large intestine and naturally found in Brewer’s Yeast, liver, and alfalfa.

Blueberries

Blueberries are the edible fruit of the blueberry bush. Blueberries are a source of powerful antioxidants that may help support health, vitality, and longevity.

BLUE GREEN ALGAE

Blue Green Algae is nature's most basic food. Existing at the beginning of the food chain, it provides nutrition in its simplest form. Blue Green Algae has a greater amount of protein than any other whole food. It provides the essential nutrients for the health of the physical body, and the smooth operation of the brain and nervous system. Blue Green Algae is a very rich chlorophyll source and has been shown to enhance the health of the entire body, strengthen the immune system, promote intestinal regularity and the healing of wounds, boosts hemoglobin production and helps purify the blood. The trace minerals found in blue green algae are Boron, Calcium, Chlorine, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper, Fluorine, Geranium, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Maganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Phosphorus, Potassium, Silicon, Sodium, Tin, Titanium, Vanadium, and Zinc. 

Brewer’s Yeast

Yeasts are not bacteria, plants, or animals; they are technically a type of eukaryotic microorganism classified in the kingdom Fungi. Yeast is a beneficial source of amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. Brewer's Yeast  is a different species from the harmful yeast that causes ear or skin infections.

Broccoli

Broccoli is a plant of the cabbage family, Brassicaceae. It is high in vitamin C, calcium, and soluble fiber, and also contains multiple nutrients that may have anti-cancer properties, such as diindolylmethane and selenium.

Brown Rice

Whole brown rice is unmilled – or partly milled – rice. Brown Rice is a nutritionally intact whole grain, and is rich in fiber, dietary minerals (including manganese, phosphorus), and vitamins (including niacin, vitamin B6, and vitamin E).

Butternut Squash

Butternut squash, or Cucurbita moschata, is an edible type of winter squash with a sweet-savory taste. Butternut squash is a well-balanced food source that is rich in complex carbohydrates and low in saturated fat and sodium. It is an excellent source of fiber, vitamins A and C, and beta carotene. It supplies the minerals magnesium, manganese, calcium and potassium

Cabbage

Cabbage, Brassica oleracea, is descended from a leafy wild mustard plant native to the Mediterranean region. Cabbage is an excellent source of fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, and beta-carotene. Cabbage is a rich source of anti-cancer phytonutrients and may help with detoxification.

Calcium Carbonate

Calcium Carbonate is a mineral that contains a minimum of 38% calcium. Calcium is perhaps best known for its role in the formation and structure of bones and teeth. It is also integral to cardiac function, nerve transmission, muscle movement and several enzyme systems. Circulating calcium has essential roles in blood coagulation, the activation of certain enzyme systems, the maintenance of normal cell-membrane permeability and ion transport.

Calcium Pantothenate

Calcium Pantothenate is an organic form of Vitamin B5, or panthothenic acid. Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin essential in animal metabolism for releasing energy from carbohydrates, fats and protein. It also aids in the utilization of vitamins and improves the body's resistance to stress.

Canola Oil

Canola oil is the oil obtained from hybridized rapeseeds. These special rapeseed plants have been bred to be free of toxic gossypol. Canola Oil is considered a beneficial oil due to its low saturated fat and high monounsaturated oil content—the latter almost 60%. It has a favorable Omega-3 fatty acid profile.

Carotenoids

Carotenoids are organic pigments that are naturally occurring in plants and some other photosynthetic organisms like algae. Carotenoids are efficient free-radical scavengers, and are known to enhance the immune system. Many have anti-aging or anti-cancer properties.

Carrots

Carrots are technically tubers or the nutrient-engorged roots of the carrot plant, a member of the parsley family. Carrots are a source of important vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids to help support the immune system and aid digestion. They are also recognized as a beneficial skin cleanser and eye conditioner.

CAT’S CLAW (UNA DE GATO)

Cat's Claw, also known as Una de Gato, is an ancient herb, found in the rain forest of Peru. This singular and wild woody vine is known for its amazing healing properties and has been used by native people for centuries. It cleanses the intestinal track, enhances the action of white blood cells, and acts as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. It is good for intestinal problems and viral infections.  Research in different countries including Germany, Austria, England, and Hungary has shown that Cat’s Claw can stimulate the immune system and may help in the treatment of diseases including cancer, AIDS, viral or respiratory infections, allergies, arthritis and rheumatism.

Chelated Minerals

Chelated minerals are minerals bonded to an amino acid. They are more easily absorbed during digestion compared to unchelated minerals which often get passed in the stool. Better nutrient absorption supports better health for pets.

Chicken

Chicken is the clean combination of flesh and skin (with or without accompanying bone), that comes from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken. Chicken is an excellent source of highly digestible, lean protein, and essential amino acids.

Chicken Broth

Chicken broth comes from cooking chicken bones and/or muscle tissue with water, and must contain no less than 90% crude protein on a dry matter basis. Chicken broth adds natural flavors and beneficial moisture to our foods.

Chicken Eggs

Often known as one of the best complete foods, eggs provide a complete amino acid profile including other essential nutrients necessary to ensure optimal health.

Chicken Fat

Chicken fat is obtained from the tissues of chickens in the commercial process of rendering or extracting. Chicken fat is the highest of all animal sources in linoleic acid (over 23%), an important element for skin and coat health.

Chicken Hearts

Chicken hearts are a nutrient-rich striated muscle meat, and are a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and most importantly taurine.

Chicken Liver

Chicken liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of lean protein, Vitamin A, and iron. The liver is a multi-faceted organ and while it does participate in detoxification of the body, these toxins do not build up in the liver tissue– they are voided. As a result, liver is safe to consume in appropriate quantities.

Chicken Meal

Chicken meal is the clean combination of the flesh and skin of chicken with the moisture removed. Our high-quality chicken meal is an excellent source of highly digestible, lean meat protein, which never contains added growth hormones. High quality, protein specific meals are simply a dried and more concentrated form of the meat, poultry or fish protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can contain any species of animal.

Choline Chloride

Choline Chloride is a dietary source of choline included in the B-complex vitamins. Choline is necessary for nerve function and fat metabolism and can be manufactured in the body but not at a sufficient rate to meet health requirements. Dietary Choline protects against poor growth, fatty liver, and renal damage in many animals.

Chondroitin

Attracts and holds fluid within cartilage tissue helping to lubricate joints, increase mobility and reduce discomfort caused by hip dysplasia. Chondroitin neutralizes the destructive enzymes that are known to damage and destroy cartilage. Chondroitin aids the entry of glucosamine into inflamed joints. Vitamin C promotes cartilage growth and tissue repair.

Citric Acid

Citric Acid is a natural and colorless translucent crystalline acid, which comes from the fermentation of carbohydrates or from citrus fruits, like lemon, lime, and pineapple juices. It is often used as a natural preservative and is a molecular component of vitamin C.

Cloves

Cloves are the dried buds of the clove tree. The pink flower buds are picked before opening and dried in the sun where they turn a reddish brown. This herb has a favorable aroma and is one of several natural preservatives. Cloves may even help prevent microbial growth (Azzouz, M. A. and Bullerman, L. R. 1982. J. Food Protect. 45:1248-1301.)

COPPER

Aids in the formation of red blood cells, and works with Vitamin C to form elastin, an important protein that makes up bone, skin and connective tissue.  It aids in the healing process and energy production. This mineral is needed for healthy nerves and joints.  A sign of copper deficiency is osteoporosis.

Copper Proteinate

Copper is a trace mineral necessary in animal nutrition. This copper is specially bonded (chelated) with amino acids to enhance absorption and assimilation. The metabolism and functions of copper are closely tied to those of iron. Copper is necessary for normal absorption and transport of dietary iron. Along with iron, copper is essential for the normal formation of hemoglobin and for reproduction, bone formation, and immunity. AAFCO establishes minimum and maximum dietary levels.

Cottage Cheese

Cottage cheese is the result of separating milk or cream into curds and whey. The fresh curds are semi-drained and then pressed to form a soft, white, spoonable cheese. Cottage cheese is an excellent source of calcium, phosphorus, protein and vitamins. It is low in fat and lactose.

 

 Cranberries

Cranberries are the fruit from a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the genus Vaccinium. They are native to cool northern climates in North America and are appreciated for their content of powerful antioxidants and natural acidic properties that may support urinary tract health. Cranberries are rich in flavenoids.

D-Calcium Pantothenate

D-Calcium Pantothenate is an organic form of Vitamin B5, or panthothenic acid. Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin essential in animal metabolism for releasing energy from carbohydrates, fats and protein. It also aids in the utilization of other vitamins and improves the body's resistance to stress.

DL-Methionine

DL-Methionine is an essential amino acid, which is one of two sulfur-containing amino acids (cysteine being the other) that helps to build proteins. It is essential for all animals and also helps to naturally acidify foods.

Dried Enterococcus faecium Fermentation Product

Enterococcus faecium is a species of prokaryotic microorganisms (bacteria) in the Order Lactobacillae. It is a commensal (non-pathogenic) bacteria that inhabits the intestines of mammals where it ferments fiber into beneficial end-products such as lactic acid. It is a beneficial bacteria that protects against the entrance and proliferation of "bad" organisms that can cause disease. Probiotics are defined as live prokaryotic or eukaryotic microorganisms, including Lactobacillus species, Bifidobacterium species and yeasts, which may improve the balance of the intestinal microflora in the host’s intestinal tract following ingestion. The intestinal microflora is important for maturation of the immune system, the development of normal intestinal morphology and in order to maintain a chronic and immunologically balanced inflammatory response. Probiotics also generate food for the cells lining the large intestine.

Dried Lactobacillus acidophilus Fermentation Product

Lactobacillus acidophilus is the most commonly used species of probiotic, or "friendly" bacteria. Such beneficial bacteria protect against the entrance and proliferation of "bad" organisms that can cause disease. Probiotics are defined as live prokaryotic or eukaryotic microorganisms, including Lactobacillus species, Bifidobacterium species and yeasts, which may improve the balance of the intestinal microflora in the host’s intestinal tract following ingestion. The intestinal microflora is important for maturation of the immune system, the development of normal intestinal morphology and in order to maintain a chronic and immunologically balanced inflammatory response. Probiotics also generate food for the cells lining the large intestine.

Duck

Duck is the clean combination of flesh and skin (with or without accompanying bone), that comes from the parts or whole carcasses of ducks. Duck is an alternative meat protein that helps to nourish your pet’s muscles and build strong bones. This unique protein can be a healthy solution for pets with allergies to more common proteins.

Duck Eggs

Often known as one of the best complete foods, duck eggs provide a complete amino acid profile including other essential nutrients necessary to ensure optimal health. Nature’s Variety includes a wide variety of eggs (in some cases including the shells) in our diets for natural calcium and to ensure a better and more complete nutrient profile.

Duck Meal

Duck meal is the clean combination of the flesh and skin of duck with the moisture removed. Our high-quality duck meal is an excellent source of highly digestible protein and essential amino acids, which never contains added antibiotics or growth hormones. This unique protein can be a healthy solution for pets with allergies to common proteins. High quality, protein specific meals are simply a dried and more concentrated form of the meat, poultry or fish protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can contain any species of animal. While duck is technically “poultry”, it is not the same species as chicken and should not trigger a true food allergy because each animal species has a unique genetic code and protein signature

Egg Whites

Egg whites are rich in protein and are of high nutritional value, with little fat.

Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide

Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide is an organic form of Iodine, an essential mineral element, that it is nearly 100% bio-available. Iodine is required by the body for the synthesis of hormones by the thyroid gland and to control enzymes involved in the respiratory system. AAFCO has established minimum and maximum iodine levels

EVENING PRIMROSE OIL

High in gamma linolenic acid (GLA), an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid that promotes cardiovascular health.   It is known to prevent hardening of the arteries, heart disease and high blood pressure, and aids in lowering cholesterol. It is helpful in the management of arthritis, rheumatism, certain skin disorders, and can relieve pain and inflammation.  Studies have shown it can increase the release of sex hormones and thereby improve reproductive health.

Flaxseed

Flaxseed is the whole seed of the flax plant (genus Linum). Flaxseed is an outstanding source of both soluble and insoluble fiber. Together these fibers aid in digestion and help to prevent constipation. Flaxseed is also an excellent source of amino acids, Omega-6, and more importantly Omega-3 essential fatty acids. When in the proper ratio with Omega-6 fatty acids, Omega-3 fatty acids regulate and control inflammatory reactions. The richest source of alpha-linoleic acid (ALA) is found in flaxseed.

Flaxseed Oil

Flaxseed is the whole seed of the flax plant (genus Linum) from which oil can be obtained. Flaxseed oil is a high-quality source of essential fatty acids (particularly Omega-3’s) and other essential nutrients. Essential fatty acids are vital for the health of skin, coat, cardiovascular, immune, reproduction, and nervous system. When in the proper ratio with Omega-6 fatty acids, Omega-3 fatty acids may help to regulate and control inflammatory reactions.

Folic Acid

Folic Acid is a Vitamin of the B complex that is water-soluble and essential in animal metabolism. It is also known as folate or Factor R. Folic acid is absorbed from the small intestine and small amounts are stored in the liver and other tissues. Excess is excreted in the feces. Its main function is to maintain the cells' genetic code, regulate cell division, and build red and white blood cells. When folic acid is deficient in the body, the inability to produce adequate DNA leads to decreased cellular growth and maturation. Like several of the other B vitamins, folic acid is synthesized by the bacteria of the large intestine in dogs and cats.

Freeze Dried Beef

Freeze dried beef is simply our high quality striated beef muscle that has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Beef Hearts

Freeze dried beef hearts are a striated, nutrient-rich muscle meat and a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron and zinc. Freeze dried beef hearts have undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Beef Liver

Freeze dried beef liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of lean protein and Vitamin A and other vitamins/minerals. Freeze dried beef liver has undergone the natural freeze-drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off

Freeze Dried Chicken

Freeze dried chicken is simply our high quality striated chicken muscle that has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Ground Rabbit Bone

Freeze dried ground rabbit bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins, and enzymes, and has always been important part of a dog and cat’s natural diet. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio-available source. It is also a significant source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin, naturally occurring compounds associated with joint health. The bone has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Lamb

Freeze dried lamb is simply our high quality striated lamb muscle that has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Lamb Hearts

Freeze dried lamb hearts are a striated, nutrient-rich muscle meat and is a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron and zinc. Freeze dried lamb hearts have undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Lamb Liver

Freeze dried lamb liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of protein, Vitamin A and other vitamins/minerals. Freeze dried lamb liver has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Rabbit

Freeze dried rabbit is an alternative meat protein that helps to nourish your pet’s muscles and build strong bones. This unique protein can be a healthy solution for pets with allergies to common proteins. The rabbit meat is striated muscle that undergoes the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Rabbit Hearts

Freeze dried rabbit hearts are a striated, nutrient-rich muscle meat and are a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron and zinc. Freeze dried rabbit hearts have undergone the natural freeze-drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Rabbit Liver

Freeze dried rabbit liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of protein, Vitamin A, and other vitamins/minerals. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Rabbit Lung

Freeze dried rabbit lungs supply needed amino acids. The organ undergoes the natural freeze drying process. The freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Turkey

Freeze dried turkey is simply our high quality striated turkey muscle that has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Turkey Hearts

Freeze dried turkey hearts are a striated, nutrient-rich muscle meat and is a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron and zinc. Freeze dried turkey hearts have undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Turkey Liver

Freeze dried turkey liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of protein and Vitamin A and other vitamins/minerals. Freeze dried turkey liver has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Dried Venison

Freeze dried venison is simply our high quality striated venison muscle that has undergone the natural freeze drying process. Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water sublimated off.

Freeze Drying

Freeze drying is a food preservation process that requires no chemicals or additives and effectively retains the nutritional value, color, flavor and cellular structure of the food. It is a process whereby frozen food is placed under a vacuum and water removed to make the raw food shelf-stable. If processed correctly, there is barely any difference between the original food and the rehydrated freeze-dried food. The process is actually simple and has been used in some form or another as far back as the ancient Incans. Freeze drying takes advantage of the process called sublimation – water is turned from a solid phase (ice) into water vapor without ever entering the liquid phase. 1. Food is frozen 2. Frozen food is placed on hollow shelves in the freeze-drier chamber 3. The chamber is sealed and a pump vacuums out the air to an atmospheric pressure much lower than that at sea level 4. The shelves are gently heated with hot oil to a pre-set and controlled temperature. 5. Evaporative cooling keeps the actual product temperatures lower than the set point and retains nutrients. (note: hot oil never touches the food, it circulates inside the shelves) 6. The low pressure in the chamber forces the ice to go directly into a gas phase; it never turns into water 7. The water vapor is vacuumed off and expelled.

Glucosamine

Provides the joints with the building blocks needed to repair the damage caused by osteoarthritis . Acting as a catalyst, glucosamine helps animals synthesize new cartilage needed to replace damaged cartilage caused by wear and tear. Hip dysplasia occurs when normal wear and tear break down cartilage.

Ground Beef Bone

Ground beef bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins, and enzymes, and has always been important part of a dog and cat’s natural diet. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio-available source. It is also a significant source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin, naturally occurring compounds associated with joint health.

Ground Chicken Bone

Ground chicken bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins, and enzymes, and has always been important part of a dog and cat’s natural diet. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio-available source. It is also a significant source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin, naturally occurring compounds associated with joint health.

Ground Lamb Bone

Ground lamb bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins, and enzymes, and has always been important part of a dog and cat’s natural diet. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio-available source. It is also a significant source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin, naturally occurring compounds associated with joint health.

Guar Gum

Guar gum is an all natural ingredient from the ground endosperm of the guar plant, Cyamopsis tetragonalobus, which is from the legume (bean/pea) family. Guar beans have a large endosperm that contains galactomannan, a substance which forms a gum or gel in water. Compared to other gelling agents, the molecular linkage in guar gum galactomannan is readily fermented by probiotics and thus has a low caloric content for dogs and cats.

Herring Meal

Herring meal is the clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole herring or herring cuttings. Herring are small oily fish much like sardines that inhabit shallow temperate waters in the Atlantic. They are sustainably caught and processed fresh. Our high-quality herring meal is an excellent source of Omega-3 fatty acids and is naturally preserved with mixed tocopherols.

Honey

Honey is a sweet and viscous fluid from flower nectar produced by honey bees primarily. Honey contains trace amounts of several vitamins and minerals. Honey also contains tiny amounts of several compounds thought to function as antioxidants, including chrysin, pinobanksin, vitamin C, catalase, and pinocembrin.

Inulin

Inulin is an insoluble plant fructan, also known as a prebiotic, that stimulates growth of beneficial bacteria (probiotics) in the digestive system. It is harvested from plants such as chicory, dandelion, and Jerusalem artichokes.

IRON

Necessary for hemoglobin and myoglobin (a type of hemoglobin found in muscle tissue). It is necessary for the oxygenation of red blood cells.  Iron helps in protein metabolism and promotes growth.  Iron is also necessary for energy production and a healthy immune system.  Iron deficiency can cause weakness, anemia, digestive disturbances, fragile bones and hair loss.

Iron Proteinate

Iron is an essential mineral and found in all body cells. It is vitally important for red blood cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. Once absorbed from the diet, iron it is stored in the body and seldom lost. As a result, the requirement for iron only increases drastically during periods of unusual blood loss, such as in cases of parturition, major surgery, injury, or severe parasitic infection or gastrointestinal disease. Pets fed a diet high in cereal grains such as corn and wheat may not be able to fully absorb dietary iron. AAFCO establishes minimum and maximum levels of iron

Kale

Kale is a form of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) green in color, in which the central leaves do not form a head. Kale is considered to be one of the most highly nutritious vegetables, with powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Kale is very high in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, and reasonably rich in calcium.

Kelp

Kelp is a general term used to describe large brown seaweeds. Seaweeds have been used throughout the world for centuries as a rich source of natural organic minerals and vitamins like iodine, potassium and calcium. The thyroid gland depends upon minerals, especially iodine, to function properly and to secrete adequate amounts of thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones influence metabolic rate and body temperature. Kelp is not only rich in iodine, but is also an additional natural source of beta-carotene, B vitamins, and vitamin C. However, kelp can vary in quality. Nature’s Variety uses only kelp of the species Ascophyllum nodosum harvested off the shores of Nova Scotia; it is one of the most reliable and least variable kelp sources.

L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate

L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate is source of Vitamin C. Vitamin C is critical for a range of essential metabolic reactions in all animals and plants, and is a beneficial antioxidant. While dogs and cats can produce their own Vitamin C, dietary vitamin C may help in stressful times such as illness, travel, strenuous exercise, or reproduction. Excess vitamin C is excreted harmlessly in urine.

L METHIONINE

An essential amino acid that is not synthesized by the body and must be obtained from food or supplements.  It is a powerful antioxidant and a good source of sulfur, which neutralizes free radicals and helps prevent skin, coat and nail problems. It can help to detoxify harmful agents such as lead and other heavy metals found in airborne pollutants. L Methionine is essential for the absorption, transportation and bioavailability of selenium and zinc in the body.  It also acts as a liptropic agent to prevent excess fat buildup in the liver, and can help to reduce fatigue. It is useful in some allergy cases because it reduces histamine release.

Recent studies show L Methionine supplementation may help delay the development of age-related cataracts. Deficiencies in L Methionine can slow growth and cause low levels of essential proteins in the blood.  Lack of it can result in edema, liver damage, loss of muscle and fat, skin lesions and weakness. 

Lamb

Lamb is a sheep less than 1 year of age. It is an excellent source of highly digestible meat protein, and contains many essential nutrients (including high levels of zinc) for stamina, skin, and heart health. It is considered a hypoallergenic protein and used in many diets for pets with GI distress. Lamb is a complete protein meaning it contains all essential amino acids.

Lamb Broth

Lamb broth comes from cooking lamb bones and/or muscle tissue with water, and must contain no less than 90% crude protein on a dry matter basis. Lamb broth adds natural flavors and beneficial moisture to our foods.

Lamb Hearts

Lamb hearts are a nutrient-rich striated muscle meat, and are a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and most importantly taurine.

Lamb Kidney

Lamb kidneys are a mineral rich organ, with high protein and little fat.

Lamb Liver

Lamb liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of protein, Vitamin A, and other vitamins/minerals.

Lamb Meal

Lamb meal is the clean combination of the flesh and skin of lamb with the moisture removed. Our high-quality lamb meal is an excellent source of highly digestible meat protein, which contains many valuable nutrients (including essential amino acids and high levels of zinc) for stamina, skin, and heart health. . High quality, protein specific meals are simply a dried and more concentrated form of the meat, poultry or fish protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can contain any species of animal.

Lecithin

Lecithin is a phospholipid, a fatlike substance found in many food ingredients such as egg. As a functional ingredient, it helps to emulsify fats into smaller, more useable fatty acids. Lecithin is needed by every cell in the body as it is a key player in cell membrane repair and construction.

Lettuce

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is a temperate annual or biennial plant of the daisy family Asteraceae, grown as a leaf vegetable. There are many cultivars of lettuce ranging from bib to red leaf. The darker pigmented cultivars are rich in antioxidants. Lettuce is mostly water, but contains folate and beneficial beta-carotene as well as vitamin C, and potassium

MAGNESIUM

Acts as a catalyst in the utilization of carbohydrates, fats, protein, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium.  It is important for energy and healthy maintenance of bones, teeth, arteries, heart and nerves.  Research has shown that magnesium can help prevent cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and certain forms of cancer.

MANGANESE

An enzyme activator that plays an important part in tissue respiration and carbohydrate and fat metabolism.  Necessary for normal skeletal development and to maintain sex-hormone production.  Manganese deficiency can lead to paralysis, convulsions, dizziness, deafness and blindness.

Manganese Proteinate

Manganese is a trace mineral critical for brain and nervous system function. Our manganese is specially bonded (chelated) with amino acids to enhance absorption and assimilation. Manganese is also a key component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions and help the body use vitamin E and B1. Manganese is necessary for normal bone development and reproduction. Foods that are good sources of manganese include legumes and whole-grain cereals. Naturally occurring manganese deficiency has not been reported in either dogs or cats

Meal

Meal is a dried and more concentrated form of the mammal, poultry or fish protein from striated muscle. If you feed a high quality kibble diet with “Chicken Meal” as the first ingredient, you know your pet is getting all of the benefits of this highly digestible protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can contain any species of animal.

Menhaden Fish

Menhaden are cold water, free ranging fish and a rich source of nutritious oils to help support healthy skin and a glossy coat. They are caught fresh and immediately frozen at sea to retain freshness and quality.

Menhaden Fish Meal

Menhaden Fish Meal is the clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole menhaden or menhaden cuttings. Menhaden are caught fresh and immediately frozen at sea to retain freshness and quality prior to processing. Menhaden are cold water, free ranging fish. Menhaden fish is an excellent source of protein, essential amino acids, and Omega 3 fatty acids

Menhaden Fish Oil

Menhaden are cold water, free ranging fish. They are caught fresh and immediately frozen at sea to retain freshness and quality. The whole fish is then used to extract oil, which is never preserved with chemicals. The oil is a rich source of nutritious Omega-3 fatty acids to help support healthy skin, glossy coat, and a balanced immune system.

Millet

Millet is the term used to describe a group of small-seeded plants that belong to several different genera. Millets have been used for human food for thousands of years, long before rice. It is rich in B vitamins, especially niacin, B6 and folacin, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and zinc. Millet, while technically a grain, is gluten-free.

Mixed Tocopherols

Tocopherols are a mixture of vitamin E isomers. When mixed with rosemary and citric acid, they provide a potent natural preservative, which also supplies a small amount of the benefits of dietary vitamin E.

Montmorillonite Clay

Montmorillonite is a clay that is primarily colloidal silicate, which contains over 50 ultra-trace mineral compounds including Antimony, Barium, Beryllium, Boron, Bromine, Cadmium, Carbon, Cerium, Cesium, Chloride, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper, Dysprosium, Fluoride, Gadolinium, Gallium, Germanium, Iodine, Lanthanum, Lithium, Manganese, Neodymium, Nickel, Phosphorus, Rhenium, Rubidium, Samarium, Scandium, Silicon, Silver, Strontium, Sulfur, Tellurium, Thallium, Thorium, Tin, Titanium, Vanadium, Ytterbium, Yttrium, Zinc, and Zirconium. Feed studies by the Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory at Texas A&M University have shown that Montmorillonite clays can sequester (bind) aflatoxins contained in grains and oilseeds.

MSM

Supplies biologically active sulfer to animals joints. Use of MSM has been shown to reduce the rigidity of cells in the soft tissues of the body. By reducing this rigidity, fluids are able to pass more freely from the cell and this helps to reduce cell pressure, thereby reducing inflammation and pain.  MSM plays an important role in the formation of strong, resilient cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.

 

Natural Chicken Flavor

Natural chicken flavor is chicken broth that has been dried into a powder. It is used as seasoning.

Natural Flavor (in Homestyle diets)

In our Homestyle from the Prairie canned diets, natural flavor is a combination of Glycine and Dextrose. Dextrose is a simple sugar that provides added energy. Glycine, however, is an amino acid that acts as a potent neurotransmitter. When used in combination and heated, Dextrose and Glycine chemically interact (called the Maillard reaction), a natural process responsible for browning and imparting a highly pleasing and palatable roasted flavor to foods, in this case the gravy. It is the same process that occurs when human foods are sautéed.

Natural Flavor (in Instinct kibble)

In our Instinct kibble diets, natural flavor is a combination of aromatic compounds derived from yeast fermentation (not vegetables, meat, fish, or poultry). These aromatic compounds contain B vitamins, amino acids, soluble fiber, and minerals. They are excellent sources of all-natural flavor and aroma.

Natural Lamb Flavor

Natural lamb flavor is lamb broth that has been dried into a powder. It is used as seasoning.

Niacin Supplement

Niacin (Vitamin B3) is a water soluble vitamin that cannot be stored in the body because any unused niacin is excreted in urine. Niacin functions in over 50 body processes and is primarily important in the release of energy from carbohydrates. Niacin aids in the breakdown of carbohydrates, protein and fats, in the formation of red blood cells and in the detoxification of several drugs and chemicals. The diversity of niacin's roles makes it essential for the supply of energy to and the maintenance of all body cells. It is an essential vitamin for a healthy nervous system and brain function and is one of the first vitamins to be used–up in times of stress.

Oat Fiber

Oat fiber is an all natural purified form of fiber extracted from the outer layer of the oat grain, the oat hulls or husks. It is an excellent source of both soluble and insoluble fiber and a very rich source of heart healthy beta-glucans.

Oatmeal

Oatmeal is coarsely ground unsifted oats, a whole grain. It is harvested from the seed bearing fruit of the oat plant (Avena sativa), which is grown in the North Central USA. Oatmeal is a beneficial source of fiber, B vitamins, and beta-glucans. Oats are gluten-free.

Olive Oil

Olive oil is fruit oil obtained from the olive (Olea europaea) which is grown in arid, subtropical climates. Olive oil is considered healthy because of its high content of monounsaturated fat (mainly oleic acid) and polyphenols.

Organic Alfalfa Sprouts

Alfalfa sprouts are the young tender shoots of the alfalfa plant, a legume. Our certified organic alfalfa sprouts have been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. They are rich in phyto-estrogens and they are a wholesome source of protein, vitamin A, vitamin K, thiamin, calcium and iron. Alfalfa sprouts also provide a healthy dose of fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, riboflavin, folate, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, calcium and iron. Alfalfa sprouts contain beneficial saponins that may have cardio-protective and immune-enhancing properties.

Organic Apples

The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree. Our certified organic apples have been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. They are rich in Vitamin C as well as a host of other unique antioxidant and botanical compounds such as flavenoids. Organic apples provide both soluble and insoluble fiber, some vitamin C, beta carotene, potassium and boron.

Organic Blueberries

Blueberries are the edible fruit of the blueberry bush. Our certified organic blueberries have been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. Organic blueberries are a source of powerful antioxidants that may help support health, vitality, and longevity.

Organic Bok Choy

Bok choy is a member of the brassica family. Our certified organic bok choy has been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. Organic bok choy is rich in Vitamin C, and is a beneficial source of beta-carotene, folic acid, and calcium.

Organic Carrots

Carrots are technically tubers or the nutrient-engorged roots of the carrot plant, a member of the parsley family. Our certified organic carrots have been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. Organic carrots are a source of important vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids to help support the immune system and aid digestion. They are also recognized as a beneficial skin cleanser and eye conditioner.

Organic Chicken

Organic chicken is the clean combination of flesh and skin (with or without accompanying bone), that comes from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken that have been fed only organic grains and were never given antibiotics, hormones, or drugs. Organic chicken is an excellent source of highly digestible, lean protein, and essential amino acids.

Organic Chicken Eggs

Organic eggs are from chickens that have been fed only organic grains and were never given antibiotics, hormones, or drugs. Eggs are often known as one of the best complete foods, providing a complete amino acid profile including other essential nutrients necessary to ensure optimal health.

Organic Chicken Hearts

Organic chicken hearts come from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken that have been fed only organic grains and were never given antibiotics, hormones, or drugs. Organic hearts are a nutrient-rich striated muscle meat and are a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and most importantly taurine.

Organic Chicken Liver

Organic chicken liver comes from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken that have been fed only organic grains and were never given antibiotics, hormones, or drugs. Liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of lean protein, Vitamin A, and iron. The liver is a multi-faceted organ and while it does participate in detoxification of the body, these toxins do not build up in the liver tissue– they are voided. As a result, it is safe to consume in appropriate quantities.

Organic Flaxseed Oil

Flaxseed is the whole seed of the flax plant (genus Linum) from which oil can be obtained. Organic flaxseed oil is produced without perservatives, pestcides, or synthetic fertilizers.  Essential fatty acids are vital for the health of skin, coat, cardiovascular, immune, reproduction, and nervous system. When in the proper ratio with Omega-6 fatty acids, Omega-3 fatty acids may help to regulate and control inflammatory reactions.

Organic Parsley

Parsley is an annual herb (Petroselinum crispum). Our certified organic parsley has been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. Organic parsley serves as a benficial dietary source of antioxidants, chlorophyll, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin K.

Organic Pears

A pear is the juicy fruit of the pear tree in the genus Pyrus. Certified organic pears have been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. Organic pears provide a benficial dietary source of both potassium and fiber.

Organic Persimmons

A persimmon is the edible fruit from a variety of species of trees of the genus Diospyros. Persimmons can be found growing naturally in the forests of many countries including the United States and are a favorite fruit of many animals that forage in the wild for their food. Certified organic persimmons have been grown without pesticides, perservatives, or synthetic fertilizers. This fruit is a good nutritional source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Iron, carotenoids, and dietary fiber.

Organic Raw Ground Chicken Bone

Organic raw chicken bone comes from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken that have been fed only organic grains and were never given antibiotics, hormones, or drugs. Organic bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins, and enzymes, and has always been important part of a dog and cat’s natural diet. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio-available source. It is also a significant source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin, naturally occurring compounds associated with joint health.

Organic Yogurt

Organic yogurt is comprised of Organic Grade A Pasteurized Milk, Organic Nonfat Milk, Fructan, Pectin, and Live and Active Yogurt Cultures (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium lactis, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus casei). The milk products in this yogurt are from organically-raised dairy cows, which are not given hormones or antibiotics and graze on organic feeds and grasses. Certified organic yogurt is a very good source of calcium, phosphorous, riboflavin-vitamin B2 and iodine. It is also a beneficial source of vitamin B12, pantothenic acid-vitamin B5, zinc, potassium, and protein

OYSTER SHELL

Extremely rich in calcium, the major constituent in the structural framework of bones.  Practically every cell in the body, notably those in the heart, nerves, and muscles rely on calcium to function properly. Some experts recommend higher levels of calcium in order to prevent bone loss.  The heart requires calcium to maintain a normal beat.  Muscles need it for contraction and relaxation, and calcium is essential for blood clotting and proper nervous system function.

Over time, if not enough calcium is consumed, the body takes calcium from the bones to keep the heart and muscles working properly.  This process will gradually weaken the bones until they break easily. 

PAPAIN

Fundamentally aids in the digestion of protein. Papain’s activity helps to cleanse the tissues and intestinal walls.  The unique ability of Papain to break down protein and convert a portion of it into Arginine is extremely important because Arginine, in its natural form, has been found to influence the production of HGH.  HGH, produced in the pituitary gland, is directly responsible for DNA and RNA replication as well as synthesis in liver, muscle, cartilage, and adipose tissues.  HGH helps to increase muscle tone and decrease body fat.  Arginine has also been found to inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells in test tube studies.

Parsley

Parsley is an annual herb (Petroselinum crispum) that serves as a dietary source of antioxidants, chlorophyll, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin K.

Pears

A pear is the juicy fruit of the pear tree in the genus Pyrus. Pears provide a dietary source of potassium and fiber.

Peas

Garden peas (Pisum sativum) are an annual vine that has been cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible seeds. Green peas are a fresh vegetable source of protein and contain a good source of Vitamins B, C, and A, fiber, and bone-enhancing vitamin K1.

Persimmons

A persimmon is the edible fruit from a variety of species of trees of the genus Diospyros. Persimmons can be found growing naturally in the forest of many countries including the United States and are a favorite fruit of many animals that forage in the wild for their food. This fruit is a good nutritional source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Iron, carotenoids, and dietary fiber.

Pheasant Eggs

The common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a seed and insect eating bird in the same taxonomic order as the domesticated chicken. Often known as one of the best complete foods, eggs provide a complete amino acid profile including other essential nutrients necessary to ensure optimal health.

PHOSPHORUS

Works with calcium to build bones and teeth.  Aids the body in the utilization of vitamins, and conversion of food to energy. Deficiencies of phosphorus can lead to loss of weight and appetite, irregular breathing, pyorrhea, fatigue and nervous disorders.

Pineapple

The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a perennial tropical plant that produces a fused cluster of sweet fruit. Pineapple is an excellent source of manganese and Vitamin C.

PINE BARK

The proanthocyanidids in Pine Bark have been shown in clinical studies to be 20 times more effective than Vitamin C and 50 times more effective than Vitamin E as an antioxidant.  Pine Bark helps relieve pain and symptoms of osteoarthritis, arthritis, rheumatism, and rheumatic fever.  It has been shown to reduce histamine production, thereby helping the lining of arteries resist mutagen attacks which cause cardiovascular disease. 

Pine Bark’s remarkable ability to “seek and destroy” free radicals is a tremendous benefit to the health of our animals.  By reducing oxidative damage to cells and vital tissues, what we recognize as aging (stiff joints, wrinkled skin, degenerative disease problems like arthritis, circulatory disorders, diabetes, heart disease, etc.) is held to a subdued rate.  In addition, unlike virtually all other dietary antioxidants, proanthocyanidids readily cross the blood-brain barrier to protect vital brain and nerve tissue from oxidation. 

Pork

Pork is the meat from hogs, or domestic swine. Pork is considered a hypo-allergenic and highly palatable meat. Also, of all animal-based protein, pork protein is the most digestible and has the most favorable amino acid profile.  The pigs are fed a high quality vegetarian diet.

Pork Fat

Pork fat is the non-rendered adipose tissue from just under the flesh of pigs. It is high in Linoleic Acid and medium chain fatty acids with a balanced ratio of saturated and monounsaturated fat to help maintain cell membrane integrity.  The pigs are fed a high quality vegetarian diet.

Pork Hearts

Pork hearts are a lean striated muscle protein that is low in Sodium. They are also a good source of Vitamin B6, iron,zinc, and most importantly taurine. Of all animal-based protein, pork protein is the most digestible, with the most favorable amino acid profile of any mammalian meat protein. 

Pork Liver

Pork liver is from hogs, or domestic swine, and is a very good source of lean protein. Our nutritious pork liver is also rich in vitamins and minerals, including Thiamin, Manganese, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Iron, Phosphorus, Zinc, Copper, and Selenium. These vitamins and minerals help provide complete and balanced nutrition for dogs and cats.

POTASSIUM (CITRATE)
Important for a healthy nervous system and regular heart rhythm.  Helps prevent strokes, aids in proper muscle contraction, and works with sodium to control the body’s water balance.  Potassium is important for chemical reactions within the cells, aids in maintaining stable blood pressure and proper transmission of eletro-chemical impulses. It also regulates the transfer of nutrients through cell membranes.  Signs of potassium deficiency include abnormally dry skin, weakness, paralysis, low blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat which can lead to cardiac arrest and death.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium Chloride is a compound that closely resembles and tastes like table salt. It supplies the correct ratio of potassium and chloride, two elements that are critical to cell membrane function and permeability.

Potato Starch

Potato starch is an all natural ingredient that is extracted from the potato tuber via a series of washing, peeling, grating, and drying steps. Our potato starch is free of green stems, leaves, and eyes, the portions of the potato plant that may contain trace amounts of poisonous solanines. Potato starch is over 75% digestible and considered hypo-allergenic.

Prebiotics

Prebiotics, such as inulin, can be thought of as food for the beneficial bacteria that live in your pet’s digestive tract. It is a special type of insoluble fiber that only bacteria can breakdown. Bacteria ferment this fiber and generate amino acids, volatile fatty acids (VFA), and vitamins.

Probiotics

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in your pets’ intestinal tract. They ferment specific nutrients (insoluble fiber) and in turn provide amino acids, vitamins and volatile fatty acids (VFA) to nourish your pet’s large intestine and overall body. Probiotics help aid digestion and prevent harmful bacteria from colonizing the intestinal tract. Prebiotics, such as inulin, can be thought of as food for the probiotics. Bacteria ferment this type of fiber.

Pumpkin

Pumpkin is a fruit of the species Cucurbita pepo or Cucurbita mixta. Although the pumpkin is botanically classified as a fruit (the ripened ovary of a flowering plant), it is widely regarded as a fiber and carotenoid dense vegetable. Pumpkin flesh is a good source of beneficial fiber, Vitamin A, and Vitamin C.

Pumpkinseeds

Pumpkinseeds are a natural source of beneficial fiber, protein, and other trace nutrients. Seeds, such as pumpkinseeds, are rich in vitamins, minerals, and linoleic acid, making them one of the densest sources of nutrition available

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is an organic form of Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble organic compound that is an essential micronutrient for microorganisms and animals as it is needed to make DNA and participates in over 60 enzyme reactions. It is integrally involved in transport, synthesis, and breakdown of amino acids and carbohydrates. Vitamin B6 aids in the absorption of antibodies and red blood cells. The pyridoxine requirement of an animal is directly proportional to the level of protein in the diet and degree of stress

Quail Eggs

Quail are groups of small sized seed and insect eating birds in the same taxonomic family as pheasants. Often known as one of the best complete foods, eggs provide a complete amino acid profile including other essential nutrients necessary to ensure optimal health. Whole eggs, including the shells, are incorporated into our diets for additional natural calcium and to ensure a better and more complete nutrient profile.

Quinoa

Quinoa (pronounced key-no-wa) is a species of goosefoot (Chenopodium) grown primarily for its edible seeds. It is highly appreciated for its nutritional value, as it is one of the few plants that provide extremely high and complete amino acid content. It is also a good source of dietary fiber and phosphorus and is high in magnesium and iron. Quinoa is gluten free and considered easy to digest.

Rabbit

Rabbit is lean striated muscle from vegetarian-fed rabbits bred specifically for meat production, much like chickens or cattle. This unique protein can be a healthy and palatable solution for pets with allergies to common proteins.

Rabbit Hearts

Rabbit hearts are a striated, nutrient-rich muscle meat and are a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and importantly taurine.

Rabbit Liver

Rabbit liver is a nutrient-rich organ meat, and is a good source of protein, Vitamin A, and other vitamins and minerals. The liver is a multi-faceted organ and while it does participate in detoxification of the body, these toxins do not build up in the liver tissue– they are voided. As a result, liver is safe to consume in appropriate quantities.

Rabbit Lung

Rabbit lungs are a beneficial organ that supply needed amino acids

Rabbit Meal

Rabbit meal is the lean striated muscle from vegetarian-fed rabbits (bred specifically for meat production) with the moisture removed. High quality rabbit meal is an excellent source of highly digestible, rich meat protein. High quality, protein specific meals are simply a dried and more concentrated form of the meat, poultry or fish protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can contain any species of animal.

Riboflavin Supplement

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is a water-soluble vitamin. Vitamin B2 is essential for the normal release of energy from carbohydrate, protein and fat in food. It is important for normal growth and development, the production of and regulation of certain hormones, and eye pigment formation. It is a critical component in flavoprotein co-enzymes, the molecules that help make energy for cells. Low levels can lead to dermatitis, eye lesions, and poor growth.

Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is an evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean region and highly sought after for its culinary uses. Rosemary is known as an antioxidant and is an effective natural preservative.

Sage

Sage is a culinary herb and a member of the genus Salvia. Used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments including sore throats, sage is known to contain oils with antiseptic and antifungal properties.

Salmon

Salmon is the common name for several species of fish of the family Salmonidae. Salmon is high in essential amino acids, easy to digest, and is considered hypo-allergenic. Salmon contains an abundance of Omega Fatty Acids to help nourish healthy skin and modulate the body’s inflammatory responses.

Salmon Meal

Salmon meal is the clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole salmon or salmon cuttings. Our salmon meal is from wild-caught, Alaskan salmon. Salmon is easy to digest and contains an abundance of essential amino acids and Omega Fatty Acids to help nourish healthy skin and modulate the body’s inflammatory responses.

Salmon Oil

Salmon oil is an excellent source of essential amino acids and Omega-3 Fatty Acids to help balance the ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 fatty acids for a healthy skin and coat. Omega-3 fatty acids are known to modulate the body’s inflammatory responses, such as arthritis. The source of the salmon from which this oil is derived is the pristine, unpolluted waters off the North Sea Coast of Norway.

Salt

Salt is a mineral complex of sodium and chloride. It is obtained by naturally mining salt deposits in the Earth’s crust. Sodium is essential to maintaining proper acid-base balance, cell function, and hydration. AAFCO has minimum sodium requirements for pet food to be compete and balanced.

Sea Salt

Sea salt in a natural mineral complex; it is source of sodium, chloride, and many other beneficial trace minerals. It is obtained by evaporating seawater. Sodium is essential to maintaining proper acid-base balance, cell function, and hydration. AAFCO has minimum sodium requirements for pet food to be compete and balanced.

SELENIUM

An essential trace mineral whose principal function is to inhibit the oxidation of lipids (fats).  It is a vital antioxidant, especially when combined with Vitamin E.  It protects the immune system by preventing the formation of free radicals.  It has also been found to function as a preventative against the formation of certain types of tumors.  Selenium and Vitamin E act synergistically to aid in the production of antibodies and help maintain a healthy heart and liver.  Selenium deficiency has been linked to cancer and heart disease.  It has also been associated with exhaustion, growth impairment, high cholesterol levels, infections, liver impairment, pancreatic insufficiency, and sterility.

SHARK CARTILAGE

Contains collagen and glycosaminoglycans. This combination makes shark cartilage a powerful anti-inflammatory wound-healing agent that is non-toxic and has no known side-effects.  It is also an effective substance against bacteria, virus and fungal infections, which stimulates the cellular and humoral components of our immune system.

There have been numerous studies demonstrating the ability of shark cartilage to shrink some cancerous tumors, including those unaffected by standard treatments.  In order to grow, a tumor must establish its own blood vessel network for nourishment.  Like all other living things, if the tumor is denied nourishment, it will die.  Studies performed at the Massachussetts Institute for Technology have shown that shark cartilage contains a protein that impedes the formation of blood vessels to tumors. 

Sodium Phosphate

Phosphorus is a component of DNA and RNA and an essential element for all living cells. Phosphorus can exist in combination with sodium or potassium in a salt form called “phosphate.”

Sodium Selenite

Sodium Selenite is an essential trace mineral and a major antioxidant nutrient. It provides dietary selenium which is involved with cellular reactions, pancreatic and thymic function, DNA repair, immunity and the detoxification of heavy metals. Studies with humans have shown that this antioxidant can help prevent some cancers and cataracts. In combination with vitamins C and E, selenium is optimally absorbed and helps support the immune system. Corn is very high in selenium followed by fishmeal.

Spinach

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an annual flowering plant in the family of Amaranthaceae. Spinach is a rich source of a plethora of nutrients including calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, magnesium, folic acid, and several vital antioxidants.

Sweet Potatoes

The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a native plant whose large, starchy, sweet tasting tuberous roots are a nutrient rich root vegetable. In some parts of the US, sweet potatoes are often referred to as yams; botanically, however, they are not true yams (which are native to Africa) nor are they a true potato. Sweet potatoes are most closely related to the magnolias and morning glories. Sweet potatoes are an excellent source of antioxidants such as Beta-Carotene, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E, as well as Potassium, Calcium, Iron and other vitamins and minerals. Sweet potatoes are a good source of natural dietary fiber, and add a healthy, sweet taste to the food. Sweet potatoes are considered the most nutritious vegetable due to its high Vitamin A and beta-carotene content.

Tapioca

Tapioca, is an all natural ingredient that is extracted from the root of the cassava plant via a series of washing, peeling, grating, and drying steps, a process that removes any cyanogenic glycosides. It is a grain-free and gluten-free starch that is 98% digestible. There are no known allergies to tapioca, and many veterinary teaching hospitals incorporate tapioca rather than potato into their hypoallergenic, homemade recipes for food allergies and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Nature’s Variety includes tapioca in our grain-free Instinct kibble diets. Without some sort of natural starch as a binder, the ingredients in dry dog or cat foods do not hold together during the cooking process.

Taurine

Taurine is an essential amino acid for cats (and some breeds of dogs), which means that these pets cannot synthesize Taurine on their own; they lack the proper liver enzymes. Without sufficient levels, pets may develop eye and heart issues. Raw meat is the best source of taurine since cooking reduces the bioavailability.

Thiamine Mononitrate

Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is a water soluble vitamin also known as thiamin or thiamine hydrochloride. Thiamine Mononitrate is required for normal functioning of all body cells, especially nerves and peristaltic movement in the GI tract. Vitamin B1 is involved in numerous body processes that break convert food into energy and strengthen heart muscle. Vitamin B1 deficiency may lead to weakness, GI disorders, and weight loss. Because this vitamin is water-soluble, excesses are excreted in the urine rather than stored, and a daily supply of the vitamin is necessary.

Tomato

The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. The tomato boasts several healthy nutrients including vitamin A, vitamin C, lycopene, and iron. The USDA classifies tomato as a vegetable, but it is actually a fruit.

Tomato Pomace

Tomato pomace is the mixture of tomato skins, pulp, and crushed seeds fruit that remains after the juicing process. Tomato pomace is a rich source of protein, fiber, iron, and lycopene; it aids in proper stool formation.

Tricalcium Phosphate

Tricalcium Phosphate is a calcium salt of phosphoric acid. It is a balanced source of calcium and phosphorus, two necessary compounds for dogs and cats of all life stages.

Turkey

Turkey is the clean combination of flesh and skin (with or without accompanying bone), that comes from the parts or whole carcasses of turkey. Turkey is an excellent source of highly digestible, lean protein. Turkey is also a complete protein meaning it contains all essential amino acids.

Turkey Hearts

Turkey hearts are a nutrient-rich organ meat, and a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and most importantly, taurine.

Turkey Liver

Turkey liver is a very good source of lean protein. Our nutritious turkey liver is also rich in vitamins and minerals, including Thiamin, Manganese, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Iron, Phosphorus, Zinc, Copper, and Selenium. These vitamins and minerals help provide complete and balanced nutrition for dogs and cats.

its high Vitamin A and beta-carotene conten

Venison

Venison is an iron rich alternative meat protein from the striated muscle (skeletal and cardiac) of farmed venison. Venison is a complete protein meaning it contains all essential amino acids and can be a healthy solution for pets with allergies to common proteins.

Venison Liver

Venison liver is a very good source of lean protein. Our nutritious venison liver is also rich in vitamins and minerals, including Thiamin, Manganese, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Iron, Phosphorus, Zinc, Copper, and Selenium. These vitamins and minerals help provide complete and balanced nutrition for dogs and cats.

Venison Meal

Venison meal is the clean combination of the flesh and skin of venison with the moisture removed. Venison is an iron rich alternative meat protein with significant levels of essential amino acids and fatty acids to support your pet’s immune system. This unique protein can be a healthy solution for pets with allergies to common proteins. High quality, protein specific meals are simply a dried and more concentrated form of the meat, poultry or fish protein. It is important to make sure the meal is protein specific (Beef Meal, Lamb Meal), and not generic like Meat Meal or By-Product Meal which by definition can be any species of animal.

Vitamin A Acetate

Vitamin A is a family of compounds that may also be referred to as retinol, retinal, retinyl, or retinoic acid. Carotenoids, specifically beta-carotene, are precursors (pro-vitamin A) from which the body may manufacture vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential for normal eyesight. This vitamin combines with a specialized protein in the retina of the eye that is necessary for night vision. Vitamin A also helps develop and maintain the cornea in the eye, all mucous membranes, the digestive tract, the urinary tract, the reproductive tract, the skin and the lungs. It is important for normal body growth and the formation of bones and soft tissue. This vitamin also enhances the activity of the immune system. Vitamin A is stored in the liver. Because excess dietary intake of vitamin A (but not carotenoids) can be toxic, diets that include liver must be properly balanced and formulated; AAFCO sets minimum and maximum dietary levels.

VITAMIN B COMPLEX

Necessary for carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.  Helps the functioning of the nervous system; maintains muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract; maintains the health of skin, coat, eyes, mouth and liver.  Contains folic acid.

VITAMIN B1 (THIAMINE)

Essential for normal functioning of the heart, nerves, muscles, skin and digestive system.  Necessary for carbohydrate metabolism. 

VITAMIN B2 (RIBOFLAVIN)

Necessary for carbohydrate-fat-protein metabolism, and antibody and red blood cell formation.  Good for healthy eyes, skin, and coat. 

VITAMIN B3 (NIACIN)

Promotes growth, proper functioning of the nervous system, maintenance of healthy skin, tongue, digestive system, and carbohydrate-fat-protein metabolism.

VITAMIN B5 (PANTOTHENIC ACID)

Assists in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.   Aids in the utilization of some vitamins, stimulates growth, and aids in the formation of antibodies. 

Vitamin B12 Supplement

Vitamin B12 (also known as cobalamin or cyanocobalamin) is the largest, most complex, and most potent water-soluble compound essential to animals and microorganisms, such as probiotics. Vitamin B12 is necessary for food metabolism, DNA formation, and the prevention of anemia.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is a water-soluble organic compound that is an essential micronutrient for microorganisms and animals as it is needed to make DNA and participates in over 60 enzyme reactions. It is integrally involved in transport, synthesis, and breakdown of amino acids and carbohydrates. Vitamin B6 aids in the absorption of antibodies and red blood cells. The pyridoxine requirement of an animal is directly proportional to the level of protein in the diet and degree of stress. Pyridoxine is widespread in foods, with organ meats, fish, whole eggs, carrots, Brewer’s Yeast, and alfalfa providing rich sources.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is also known as Ascorbic Acid. Vitamin C is a highly effective antioxidant that helps maintain a robust immune system, helps in wound repair, and participates in nutrient metabolism. Vitamin C is also known for its role in neutralizing harmful free radicals. While dogs and cats can manufacture their own vitamin C, inclusion in the diet is beneficial especially during times of stress (gestation, lactation, weaning, travel, work), illness, or old age. Excess is excreted in the urine and not stored in the body.

Vitamin D3 Supplement

Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin also known as cholecalciferol. It is the major active substance in Vitamin D and can only be obtained from non-vegan sources – D2 is the plant form and is not as efficiently used by the body. Its main function is to stimulate the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. This important vitamin aids in the formation of normal bones and teeth. It also aids in the maintenance of a healthy nerve and muscle system by regulating the level of calcium in the blood. Calcium is necessary for normal nerve transmission and muscle contraction (including the heartbeat), and the nerves and muscles depend on a constant supply of this mineral from the blood.

Vitamin E Supplement

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble group of 8 structurally distinct molecules known as tocopherols; they are potent antioxidants. In the body, it protects fat and Vitamin A from destruction by charged oxygen called free radicals. It functions to stabilize cell membranes and protect them from damage by air pollutants, particularly the cells in the tissues of the lungs and mouth. Vitamin E is known to help reproductive development and hormone production.

WHEY PROTEIN

The importance of protein in any carnivore’s diet cannot be understated, for it is critical in building and maintaining muscle mass and other necessary metabolic functions.  Protein deficiencies can lead to retarded skeletal and muscle growth and a weakened immune system, which causes susceptibility to infections and degenerative diseases. 

ZEA MAYS Cornsilk (Zea mays) is a botanical remedy produced from stigmas - the yellowish thread-like strands - found inside the female flower of the corn plant. Corn Silk contains no fraction of the corn grain what-so-ever.  Cornsilk is a valuable tonic for the urinary system of dogs and cats. Widely regarded as a soothing diuretic and useful for irritation in the urinary system, cornsilk is used in combination with other herbs to treat conditions such as cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder), urethritis (inflammation of the urethra), and is also said to prevent and remedy infections of the bladder and kidney.

ZINC

Zinc is a component of almost one hundred enzymes involved in metabolic processes, most of which work with the red blood cells to move carbon dioxide from the tissue to the lungs.  Zinc, functioning as an important antioxidant, promotes normal growth and development, aids in wound-healing, enhances cell division, repair and growth, and maintains normal levels of Vitamin A in the blood.  It also helps to synthesize DNA and RNA.  Zinc deficiencies have been linked to hair loss, skin and coat conditions, prostate hypertrophy, cancer, slow recovery from head injuries, diabetes, arthritis, and reduced immune system responses

Zinc Proteinate

Zinc is specially bonded (chelated) with amino acids to enhance absorption and assimilation. Zinc is critical to enzyme function for many of the body’s major metabolic pathways. For example, it affects the development of cartilage, blood, bone, keratin, and mammary glands. Wound healing and oxygen transfer also rely on zinc.

 

ADDITIONAL GLOSSARY OF SOME HERBS AND THEIR USES:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

Alfalfa
'Father of all foods'. Nutritive grass used in arthritis & mineral supplement formulas. Diuretic, aids digestion, & Stimulates the body to remove toxins from the blood. [General Nutrition]


Barley Juice Powder
Concentrated essence of vital young plants. Nutritious supplement that gives quick energy. High in protein & minerals. [General Nutrition]


Bee Pollen
Nutritive energy superfood & allergy aid. 22 amino acids & 27 mineral salts. Promotes youthful feeling, & immunity. [General Nutrition]


Bilberry Fruit Concentrate
Potent Anti-oxidant Formula. Neutralize free radicals. Improve nightvision, strengthens eyes. [General Nutrition]


Black Cohosh
Women's product. Female Reproductive support. Estrogenic effects. Stimulates uterine contractions, aids in childbirth. [Glandular]


Black Walnut Capsules
Antiseptic hulls fight parasites & skin problems. [Intestinal]


Blessed Thistle

Hormone balance (female). Increase & enrich mother's milk. & general (female reproductive) tonic. [Glandular]


Burdock Capsules
Rid the body of acidic, inflammatory pain. Blood purifier, anti-inflammatory & anti-ineffective. Chinese use to eliminate excess nervous energy, sweat out toxins & cool infections (reduce Yang). [Digestive]


Burdock Vegitabs
Rid the body of acidic, inflammatory pain. Blood purifier, anti-inflammatory & anti-ineffective. Chinese use to eliminate excess nervous energy, sweat out toxins & cool infections (reduce Yang). [Digestive]


Butchers Broom
Dissolves fat in arteries. Wide range of circulatory ailments; thrombosis, phlebitis, varicose veins & hemorrhoids. [Circulatory]


Capsicum
Hot pepper that cools pain. Stimulant effects speed the circulation aids the absorption of other herbs. [Digestive, Circulatory]


Cascara Sagrada Capsules
Stimulant laxative for a moving experience. Use in combination with fiber to gradually restore natural colon activity. Will increase the secretion of digestive fluids. Stimulates the peristaltic action of the colon. [Intestinal]


Cascara Sagrada Vegitabs
Stimulant laxative for a moving experience. Use in combination with fiber to gradually restore natural colon activity. Will increase the secretion of digestive fluids. Stimulates the peristaltic action of the colon. [Intestinal]


Catnip
The stimulant that relaxes. Has a calming effect on the nervous system & stomach. [Nervous]


Chamomile
Relaxing Sleepy-time herb. Refreshing, relaxing, cleansing. Tonic for jangled nerves. [Nervous]


Charcoal (activated)
Amazing ability to 'attract' & absorb toxins. For intestinal gas, bloating, hangover, food poisoning. [Digestive]


Chickweed Capsules
Gentle tonic food used to balance body metabolism. For obesity, fatty tumors, appetite depressant, & mild diuretic. Has antibiotic properties that help with respiratory problems; bronchitis, cough, colds, sore throat & flu. [Urinary, Glandular]


Chickweed Vegitabs
Gentle tonic food used to balance body metabolism. For obesity, fatty tumors, appetite depressant, & mild diuretic. Has antibiotic properties that help with respiratory problems; bronchitis, cough, colds, sore throat & flu. [Urinary, Glandular]


Cornsilk
Urinary system silky soother. Soothing diuretic, reduces inflammation, helps kidneys, bladder, prostate dysfunction. [Urinary]


Damiana
Hormone regulator for nervous & sexual balance. Frigidity (women) & impotence (men). Stimulate fertility (men). [Glandular]


Dandelion
Liver & kidney tonic. Bitter laxative, tonic, & diuretic. For liver/spleen ailments also joint pain & eczema. [Urinary]


Dong Quai
Queen of female herbs, 'female ginseng'. Regulate monthly periods, hot flashes, cramps, recovery from childbirth. [Glandular]


Echinacea Purpurea Echinacea
Versatile immune system stimulant. Antibacterial, anti-viral, & anti-fungal. Stimulate T-cell activity. [Immune]


Eyebright
Improve vision. useful in cleansing eye. Used internally & in NSP's Eye wash formula. It can improve vision. [General Nutrition]


Feverfew
Relief from migraine headaches. Regular use of feverfew can reduce the severity & frequency of migraine headaches. [Nervous]


Feverfew High Parthenolide
3 x's as potent as the previous feverfew. [Nervous]


Garlic
Broad range of well documented healing properties. Anti-microbial against bacteria, fungi & worms; fights blood clots; stimulates bile; lowers blood sugar & cholesterol; improves blood LDL/HDL ratio. [Immune]


Garlic Oil Capsules 
Broad range of well documented healing properties. Anti-microbial against bacteria, fungi & worms; fights blood clots; stimulates bile; lowers blood sugar & cholesterol; improves blood LDL/HDL ratio. [Immune]


Garlic, High Potency, SynerPro
Broad range of well documented healing properties. Anti-microbial against bacteria, fungi & worms; fights blood clots; stimulates bile; lowers blood sugar & cholesterol; improves blood LDL/HDL ratio. [Immune]


Ginger
Say 'NO' to nausea. Improves digestion & appetite. Acts directly on stomach & liver to reduce nausea & vomiting.[Digestive]


Ginseng, Korean
Adaptogen that helps the body adapt to stress. [Glandular]


Ginseng, Siberian
For fatigue from chronic, debilitating stress; cool/yin conditions. Good general tonic. [Glandular]


Ginseng, Wild American
For fatigue from acute, overactive stress (hot, yang conditions). [Glandular]


Golden Seal
Effective antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, healing tonic. Caution if your a hypoglycemic, it lowers blood sugar levels. Golden seal is the top selling herb in America & is in short supply. [Immune]


Golden Seal 
Effective antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, healing tonic. Caution if your a hypoglycemic, it lowers blood sugar levels. Golden seal is the top selling herb in America & is in short supply. [Immune]


Gotu Kola
Tonic for ailments of the nervous system including epilepsy, schizophrenia & memory loss. It builds circulation in the brain & lower limbs. [Nervous]


Gotu Kola ATC Concentrated
Tonic for ailments of the nervous system including epilepsy, schizophrenia & memory loss. It builds circulation in the brain & lower limbs. [Nervous]


Guggul Lipid (Concentrate)
Circulation stimulant lowers cholesterol and thins blood.


Hawthorn Berries
Heart & circulation stimulant. Strengthen & balance the heart & circulatory system. Reduce blood pressure/cholesterol. [Circulatory]


Hops
A gentle, relaxing sedative. Herbal nervine that has effects on the central nervous system. [Nervous]


Horsetail
Diuretic & astringent. detoxification herb. Rich in silicon & Calcium. Good for 'spring cleaning'. [Circulatory]


Hydrangea
Kidney & prostate power. Diuretic that has the reputation for dissolving kidney stones & relieving kidney backache. [Urinary]


Juniper Berries
The cleansing, antiseptic, blood sugar regulator. Healing diuretic, stimulates the kidneys. Remover acidic toxins. [Urinary]


Kava Kava Concentrated 
Relax you body and reduce stress. Helps muscles relax without dulling senses. Promotes more restful sleep. May reduce pain. [Nervous]


Kelp
High in mineral 'gift from the sea' that regulates metabolism. [Glandular]


Licorice Root
Anti-spasmodic, anti bacterial & anti-inflammatory. Feeds adrenal glands for higher more even level of energy. It has hormone building effects. Blood sugar regulator. Normalize, balance, harmonize the body. [Glandular]


Licorice Root ATC Concentrate
Anti-spasmodic, anti bacterial & anti-inflammatory. Feeds adrenal glands for higher more even level of energy. It has hormone building effects. Blood sugar regulator. Normalize, balance, harmonize the body. [Glandular]


Lobelia
Muscle relaxing respiratory & lymphatic stimulant. Lobelia is a 'smart' balancing herb. [Respiratory]


Marshmallow
Healing, Soothing soft tissue repair herb. For inflamed stomach, bowel, lungs, urinary tract, swollen joints. [Respiratory]


Morinda Citrifolia Juice
NSPs Whole Body Tropical Tonic. Amazing Morinda Citrifolia Fruit! Just 2 Tablespoons A Day. Also known as "Noni Juice". [Nervous, Structural, Digestive, Intestinal, Respiratory, Immune]


Mullein
Soothing, antibiotic lymphatic cleanser. Soothes irritated & painful mucous membranes, reduce swelling. [Respiratory]


Nopal
Well suited for the digestive system. Beneficial for the pancreas and liver. Balance blood sugar levels. [Digestive]


Parsley
Parsley is abundant in odor-absorbing & oxygenating chlorophyll. Is diuretic helps get rid of excessive water. [Urinary]


Passion flower
Antispasmodic, muscle relaxant, sleep aid. Mild sedative nervine.[Nervous]


Pau D'arco
Exciting immune systems stimulant, general tonic, blood builder. Immune building & anti-fungal herb. Its a blood purifier that is used for systemic yeast infections like Candida albicans, & to strengthen the immune system. [Immune]


Psyllium Hulls
Bulk fiber laxative (colon broom). Effective mucilaginous, high fiber bulk laxative. For constipation or diarrhea. [Intestinal]


Psyllium Seeds
Lubricating laxative. Psyllium seeds include both the germ & the husk a bulking mucilage. [Intestinal]


Red Clover
For the terrible wasting diseases. For AIDS, cancer, tuberculosis, venereal diseases. [Circulatory]


Red Raspberry
Women's Product. Female nutritive tonic. Strengthens & normalizes female organs. [Glandular]


Rose Hips
Tissue strengthening for pregnancy & much more. Rich in Vit. C. Strengthen capillaries. To prepare for childbirth. [General Nutrition]


Safflowers
To thin your fluids, dissolve build up & clean you out. Lower cholesterol, aids in the digestion of oils. [Digestion]


Sage
Live long & prosper. For weakened digestive & nervous systems. 'Spring Cleaning'. For persistent sniffles. [Immune]


Sarsaparilla
Refreshing glandular tonic. Male aphrodisiac. For Male glandular balance. [Glandular]


Saw Palmetto
Hope for small breasts & large prostates. Glandular strengthening & toning. A whole body tonic. [Glandular] Astringent that shrinks inflammation & bleeding. Gum infections, sore throats, & digestive tract inflammation. [Immune]


Wild Yam
Nourish and maintain balance in the female glandular system. [Glandular]


Yarrow
Heals liver, emotions- helps you 'sweat it out'. Stop bleeding of all kinds internally & externally. [Respiratory]


Yellow dock
Organic iron for anemia & liver health. Tonic: liver, gall bladder. Anemia during pregnancy. [Urinary, Circulatory]


Yucca
'gift from the dessert' clean the body & reduce inflammation. Break up obstructions. Arthritis & rheumatism. [Structural]

 

 

GLOSSARY OF HARMFUL INGREDIENTS COMMONLY FOUND IN PET FOOD:
 

Animal Digest: This is the dry by-product of rendered meat. During rendering, all usable animal parts (including fetal tissues and glandular wastes) are heated in vats and the liquid is separated from the dry meal. This meal is covered with charcoal and labeled "unfit for human consumption" before processing it into pet food. Digest can also include intestines, as well as the contents of those intestines, such as stool, bile, parasites and chemicals.

Animal Fat and Tallow: Animal fat is a "generic" fat source that is most often made up of rendered animal fat, rancid restaurant grease or other oils that are deemed inedible for humans. Tallow is low quality hard white fat that most animals find hard to digest, not to mention the cardiac risks resulting.

Chemical Preservatives: Chemical preservatives include BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole), BHT (butylated hydroxytolulene), propyl gallate, propylene glycol (also used in automotive antifreeze and is suspected of causing red blood cell damage) and ethoxquin , are all potentially cancer causing agents that your pets are eating every day.
 

* BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) - know to cause kidney and liver dysfunction

* BHT (butylated hydroxytolulene) - know to cause kidney and liver dysfunction

        * Ethoxyquin - suspected of causing cancer

* Propylene glycol -A cosmetic form of mineral oil found in automatic brake and hydraulic fluid and industrial antifreeze. In the skin and hair, propylene glycol works as a humescent, which causes retention of moisture content of skin or cosmetic products by preventing the escape of moisture or water. The Material Safety Data Sheet warns users to avoid skin contact with propylene glycol as this strong skin irritant can cause liver abnormalities and kidney damage. - causes destruction of red blood cells-and is also commonly found in many treats such as Pedigree Dentabone/DentaStix etc

Chicken By-products: These are ground parts from poultry carcasses such as feet, heads, feathers, intestines, necks and undeveloped eggs and can included any rendered material.

Corn Products: Corn products including corn meal, gluten and grits are cheap, allergy causing fillers and are very difficult for animals to digest.

Food Fragments: Lower end by-products of the food manufacturing process, examples include wheat bran and brewers rice which are a waste product of the alcohol industry.

Ground Whole Grain Sorghum: The feed value of grain sorghum is similar to corn and is grown primarily as a feed grain for livestock.

Meat and Bone Meal: “Meat” and bone meal are inexpensive sources of animal protein. Note that these companies do not clarify the source of “meat”, nor are they human-grade meat. The protein in Meat meal containing a large amount of processed bone may not be digestible and fail to provide adequate nutrition.

Meat Based: A label that say "meat based" may also include blood vessels, tendons, organs and other parts of the rendered animal. Note again that these companies do not clarify the source of “meat”, nor are they human-grade meat products.

Meat By-products: Pet grade meat by-products consist of organs and parts not desired or not fit for human consumption. This can include organs, bones, blood and fatty tissue. It can also include brains, feet, heads, intestines and any other internal parts. Unbelievably, by-products can also contain cancerous or diseased tissue containing parasites.

Take a look for yourself

Don't let the colorful pictures and wording on these pet food manufacturer’s bags mislead you! How does your pet food ingredients stack up to quality ingredients found in our Holistic/human-grade
Cat foods and Dog foods

Below are links to some of the more popular pet foods on the market today, take a look for yourself and what they have listed as their ingredients.

Dog Food

Brand

First Eight Ingredients

Eukanuba Adult

Chicken, chicken-by product meal, corn meal, ground whole grain sorghum, ground whole grain barley, chicken fat, fish meal, brewers rice

Iams Chunks

Chicken, corn meal, ground whole grain sorghum, chicken by-product meal, chicken fat, dried beet pulp, natural chicken flavor

Kibbles N Bits Original

Corn, soybean meal, ground wheat flour, beef and bone meal, animal fat, BHA used as preservatives, corn syrup, wheat middlings, water sufficient for processing, animal digest

Pedigree Complete Nutrition

Ground yellow corn, meat and bone meal, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, animal fat (preserved with BHA/BHT), wheat mill run, natural poultry flavor, rice, wheat flour

Pro-Pak Adult Chunk

Chicken meal, ground yellow corn, chicken fat, rice flour, dried beet pulp, natural flavoring(unspecified), flaxseed, salt

Purina One Natural Blend

Chicken, corn gluten meal, poultry by-product meal, brown rice, oat meal, animal fat, beet pulp, calcium phosphate

Purina Beneful Original

Ground yellow corn, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, whole wheat flour, beef tallow, rice flour, beef soy flour, sugar

Purina Dog Chow Complete Formula

Ground yellow corn, poultry by-product meal, animal fat, corn gluten meal, brewers rice, soybean meal, animal digest

Science Diet Adult

Ground whole grain corn, ground whole grain sorghum, ground whole grain wheat, chicken by-product meal, soybean meal, animal fat, corn gluten meal, brewers rice


Cat Food

Brand

First Eight Ingredients

Eukanuba Indoor Cat Formula

Chicken, chicken by-product meal, chicken liver, corn grits, corn meal, ground whole grain sorghum, fish meal, dried beet pulp

Flint River Ranch Adult and Kitten Formula

Chicken meal, ground yellow corn, corn gluten meal, chicken fat, ground whole wheat, dried brewers yeast, fish meal, corn germ meal

Iams Original Chicken

Chicken, chicken by-product meal, corn grits, corn meal, chicken fat, fish meal, dried beet pulp, chicken flavors

Pro-Pac Adult Formula

Chicken meal, rice flour, ground yellow corn, chicken fat, corn gluten, dried beet pulp, fish meal, dried egg product

Purina Complete Formula

Poultry by-products, corn gluten meal, corn meal, ground whole wheat, animal fat, brewers rice, soy flour, fish meal

Science Diet Original

Chicken by product meal, ground whole grain corn, brewers rice, animal fat, corn gluten, chicken flavor, potassium chloride, calcium sulfate

 

Eukanuba Website:
www.rxpetfood.com

Iams Website:
www.iams.com

Purina Website:
www.purina.com

Purina Natural Blends Website:
www.naturalblends.com

Pedigree Website:
www.pedigree.com

Proplan Website:
www.proplan.com

Beneful Website:
www.beneful.com

Hills Science Diet:
www.hillspet.com

 

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